,

Molding and Casting

Redraw the echo hello-world board

 

In this week we are a little bit behind also because we did an introduction with Thomas Kroop meister in molding and casting, Explaining the hold process how can we work with the new machines for casting at fab lab.

Thumbnail Image 1
kinder surprise

I wanted to did a KINDER surprise egg. Because I find one of the nice tradition in germany , and also because I could work with this model to generate more chocolate models. For this model the workflow of the following: Make the modelling Milling two pieces of wax in order to have the basis of the model.

Thumbnail Image 1

Making the mold of this piece . Well this process for the time that we have and also for using the machine could take really long.

I have to optimize my model and also left time to my classmates to use the machine. Well change my Idea to do the mold of a gyroscope from the Lilypad version, in order to do a wearable sensor that you can wash without damaging the electronics.

Thumbnail Image 1

The first step : Take measurement of the sensor , with the caliper ! And make the first sketch of the model. As you can see, I did some supports for both part of the mold, in order to maintain the sensor in the middle of the cast.!

 

IMPORTANT: you have to consider that it's enough space for the material, in this case the silicon, it has as high level of viscosity, and it is probable that the material, will not enter in the mold , in this case you have to : 1. Modified your mold, or 2 you have to do a big Funnel, with mor are for in the top part , in order to press the material inside.

Thumbnail Image 1
Ventiles

For doing this sketch I used the function of circular pattern, to make to orientation for this support and the ventiles design.

Thumbnail Image 1

I left 3 ventiles in order to lef space to eliminate the air inside the mold , but also to make place for the cables.

Thumbnail Image 1

.

In the next part I created the angle draft in order to extract the model easily, And also I did a canal for the adjustment of both molds.

 

 

Thumbnail Image 1

About the experience of my other colleges they recommend me to use to point of contact because it was a little bit difficult to adjust both in the same position. When the modelling was finished ,

Thumbnail Image 1

 


 

Thumbnail Image 1

 

 

 

Thumbnail Image 1

I activate the Cam functions of the Fusion 360, in this you can see the parameter of the tools and use directly the cam processor in the ROLAND MODELA MDX40a! For set up the job you can selgo to the panel Setup> New setup>and proceed to select the option For my model I used the following settings:

Thumbnail Image 1

SETUP Operation type : milling Orientation: Select Z axis /plane & X axis (it means in which plane you want to begin the calculation of the job) Origin: Stock box point In the stock and post process I used the sam from the Program.

Thumbnail Image 1

I select the ADAPTIVE CLEARING as a first tool selecting the following settings :

3D ADAPTIVE CLEARING As a subtractive process we have to consider to retire the material of the block in a 3D process. You can find this tol going to the menu 3D and here there are different possibilities to edit your block,

The tool that you need, you have to take measurement of your tool as we did in the assignment make something big:

First the Tool: You can select the tools in the library, and see which finishing and for that , and select the adequate for your work, also you can create your tool, it is my case . Radius: 1,5 mm Shaft diameter 6, lengths: 6, Shoulder length 8 mm Body length: 37 mm Overall Length: 560 An here you have to put the information about the machine, in this case we were working with wax , it means that we can use the a high speed spindle and feedrate.

Thumbnail Image 1

 

Thumbnail Image 1


Thumbnail Image 1

 

Thumbnail Image 1

.

Thumbnail Image 1
Thumbnail Image 1

.

You can see in the pictures the following settings. For the passes you and also and editing the maximal roughing of the Step Down , as we weill sei in ohre software as condacam. You can do two setups , one for a rough cut , and other for the fine details In the panel action you can make a Simulation, in order to prewies the toolpaths and stock material removal, also you can see if the process has some collision and correct the settings. It the model is correct you can proceed to go tho the interface of the ROLAND MODELA MDX40a. And set up your yob ,

In our case we have to be sure that we have the right Post Processor and upload the post processor data.

Positioning the machine in the O point

Thumbnail Image 1

.

Thumbnail Image 1

you can use the interface of the machine to go to 0 X,Y,Z. Following the settings that the picture illustrates,

Thumbnail Image 1

 

 

.

Thumbnail Image 1

you can proceed to mill the material

Thumbnail Image 1

1rough cut 2. Milling the supports 3. Fine milling

Thumbnail Image 1

 

  

 

Thumbnail Image 1


Testing the lilypad in the mold

Thumbnail Image 1

5 cutting the final mold in the band saw

Thumbnail Image 1

 

Thumbnail Image 1

 

 

 

 

 

When the mold is ready , we can proceed to mix the components I use Pur Polyurethan [ISOCYANATE and POLYOL (UR 3440) (15 g : 30 gr)at the rate of 1:2] put it into the vacuum chamber. This is an exciting process In the first time that I tried to do the composite , didn’t work , because the model has a lot of air inside.

Thumbnail Image 1

.

.

Thumbnail Image 1

.

.

 

Due to the small funnel , I did in the first trial a paper funnel. And it doesn't make enough pressure in the components. The second time I isolate the cable in the other direction in order to give the model more space to the liquid, in this case i us for the funnel a piece of a plastic bottle, and I past it with silicon to have an hermetic union.

After combine again the component and put the material inside I used again the Vacuum machine until this achive the maxímun pressure and slowly I opened the valvule , in order to retire the hold air inside the mold, and the component could get inside the model well. I left my model 2 days (machine assignment process) Afterward the model works really well! I have a washable gyro !

Thumbnail Image 1

I have a washable gyro !


DIY EGG SURPRISE

I wanted to do a Kinder Surprise Egg with a 3D printed surprise inside, because I find it a nice easter tradition here in Germany, and also, because I could work with this model to generate more chocolate models. I made it with the following steps:

Make a wax or normal candle block model of half of the egg (In case, if you don't have enough wax you can also do the same process with the candle it does not require higher precision. It is my case german provider )

Make the negative with alginate (or look for a silicon compatible for food).

Make two chocolate casts of the half of the egg

Finally, put the surprise inside of the egg and close it.

I began to work with the model in Fusion 360 as I explained in the previous sample with the washable GYRO.

MODEL

Thumbnail Image 1

The model is basically a curved line profile revolved 180 degrees.

Thumbnail Image 1

After this, I did a kind of a container, in order to form the negative model.

 

 

Thumbnail Image 1

After this, I did a kind of a container, in order to form the negative model.

 

Thumbnail Image 1

The middle of the egg is 20 mm high, the walls of the box are 26 mm high. I did a Filet of the inside squares of the box, because I used a drill of 6 mm in diameter.

 

Thumbnail Image 1

CAM

You can find this in the panel in the left square, in the top part of the window.

Thumbnail Image 1

Setup is the first option that we select in order to set up the origin point and the box of milling, it meaning the material that you have to mill.

 

 

Thumbnail Image 1

Important here is to set the Z axis and select the box point to set the origin point.

Thumbnail Image 1

5 cutting the final mold in the band sa

 

 

 

Thumbnail Image 1

5 cutting the final mold in the band sa

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

w

 

Thumbnail Image 1

2 Make the Adptive Clearing in the panel 3D>Adaptive clearing

Thumbnail Image 1

5 cutting the final mold in the band sa

Thumbnail Image 1

5 cutting the final mold in the band sa

Thumbnail Image 1

6 mm drill  mor info about the Drill design:

 

 

 

Thumbnail Image 1

Simulation:

When all the parameters are correct, you can proceed to the simulation. You have to select the process, meaning the adaptive clearing, and afterwards you can generate the simulation. The simulation is important, in order to check if there are some collisions in the model. The collisions are represented in red.

 

 

Thumbnail Image 1

If the whole process in the timeline is green you can proceed to generate the Cam Process to generate the Gcode.

Thumbnail Image 1

To generate the cam process, in the same window Actions > Cam Process. In this process it is important to select the post processor for the machine, in which we will work. In this case, first select the “Roland rml cps”, after this, click the model of the machine “MDX40” in the Properties panel. Keep the document units. The Cam Process data can be edited in Brackets.

 

 

Thumbnail Image 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Thumbnail Image 1

MILLING

When you want to set up the Roland MDX40a Machine, you have to open the interface and select the option CUT, in which you can open the CAM PROCESS.

Thumbnail Image 1

 

Set the origin point using the interface from the Modela, and using the vectors in all the coordinates. Move the drill in the same origin point as you selected in the original data, in the Cam > Setup, of the 360 Fusion. When the drill is well positioned, select the origin point X,Y,Z, > Apply If you go to Cut you can delete all the previous processes, load yours and proceed to cut. The machine will mill the piece. IMPORTANT: check the limits and size of the milling piece.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Thumbnail Image 1

When the model was finished, I proceeded to do the negative mold.

 

 

Thumbnail Image 1

I used Alginate to catalyze the process, the alginate is a material that is highly used in medical and especially in dental applications, because it makes reliable negative forms. The preparation

Thumbnail Image 1

Cream: 1 portion alginate to 2 portions water Liquid: 1 portion alginate to 5 portions water .

 

 

Thumbnail Image 1

In my case, the first test didn't work with a creamy consistency because it hardened very fast. You have to hurry, you have 40 seconds to mix the alginate with the water and get a homogenous consistency to cast the alginate in the mold.

Thumbnail Image 1

Test 1.

you have to wait around three minutes in order to take the alginate cast of the mold.

 

Thumbnail Image 1

After the four tests, I got a good consistency, although, I had more than one bubble. In the first testing, I did some samples with plaster to see the difference of the cast. I did two casts for the chocolate form, in order to make the egg in two parts.

 

 

 

MAKING THE SURPRISE EGG

I did one solid egg, and one hollow egg.

Thumbnail Image 1

 

Thumbnail Image 1

 

Thumbnail Image 1

 

Thumbnail Image 1

 

Thumbnail Image 1

 

As you can see in the photos, you can join both parts making them a little bit warm, and also, thus eliminating the rests. In the second part of the empty egg I put a 3D printed surprise, as in the traditional “Kinder Surprise”.

Thumbnail Image 1

 

Thumbnail Image 1
Thumbnail Image 1

 

Thumbnail Image 1

 

Thumbnail Image 1

 

Thumbnail Image 1

 

 

Thumbnail Image 1

 

Thumbnail Image 1

 

Thumbnail Image 1

 

Thumbnail Image 1

A delicious chocolate molding and casting assignment !