How it Works

Week 9 : Machanical Design

This week is the most interesting week of the Fab Lab Academy program. In FabLab Bombay we are in total 6 members from different technical backgrounds. Amalgamating all the ideas of all 6 members we will be creatng a mechanical design. We distributed the works accordingly & started the conceptualization of the group project.

FabLab Bombay Team

  1. Amol Wadkar
  2. Abhinay Mane
  3. Chaitali Choudary
  4. Clement Burga
  5. Ruchir
  6. Sudarshan Kondgekar

Idea generation | Brainstorming

The idea is always to do the brain storming of the idea that is going to be finalised for the conceptulization. An idea which can be implemented by using our previous weeks learning from FabLab & also our work experience to some extent. We all finalised to make a sand-marking machine with 3 axes. This concept can be extended further where we can write on the canvas as well.


The assembly of the single modular unit will be done with a snap fit design. In some places we will be uisng adhesive & screws as well.

Bill of materials

The elements that we used in the single modular unit are listed below:

  1. MDF - 6mm THK.
  2. Lead Screw - M8 pitch
  3. Lead Nut
  4. Guide Rods of Dia.8
  5. Stepper Motor - 4.9Nm Torque
  6. Bearings for Lead screw
  7. Coupler

How it should work

The rotation of the stepper motor will be used for sliding the unit linearly as shown in the picture below. 2 units like these will be used for moving another modular unit which will be explained below.

X and Y Axis

2 stepper motors will be programmed to rotate simultaneously. Another modular unit will be mounted on top of these 2 units & fasten them with M5 screws.

Z axis

The next step was to add a z-axis which will carry the end-effector that can do the marking on the sand. The below picture shows the z-axis unit. The z-axis unit alsow will be fastened with M5 screws.
This completes the assembly of all 3 single modular units.

Sand Bed

This Sub-Assembly will be fastened to a sand bed which we have thought of making uisng 18mm plywood with a pocket in the center to hold the sand. The sizes of the sand area were selected based on the standard lengths of lead screw available. The allowable moving area of the Y-axis is decided by the size of the sliding unit.

Lasercutting and mechanical assembly. Quick walkthrough

This week we will be showing the working of the model manually. Later in the coming week we will do the programming to make it complete automated.
After getting all the individual parts from laser cutting our team members Amol, Chaitali & Sudarshan started the assembly of indivudual modular units assembly.